Photometry of Phoebe

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Observatios of Phoebe (S9) in the V filter at small solar phase angles (0.2° to 1.2°) with the MIT SNAPSHOT CCD are presented. The value of Phoebe's sideral rotational period is refined to 9.282 ± 0.015hr. Assuming the Voyager-derived 110 km radius, Phoebe's observed mean opposition V magnitude of 16.176 ± 0.033 (extrapolated from small angles) corresponds to a geometric albedo of 0.084 ± 0.003. A strong opposition effect is indicated by the 0.180 ± 0.035 mag/deg solar phase coefficient observed at these small phase angles. The data are shown to be compatible with a phase function for C-type asteroids (K. Lumme and E. Bowell, 1981, Astron. J. 86, 1705–1721; K. Lumme, E. Bowell, and A. W. Harris, 1984, Bull. Amer. Astron. Soc. 16, 684), but give a poorer fit to the average asteroid phase relation of T. Gehrels and E.F. Tedesco (1979, Astron. J. 84, 1079–1087). Phoebe's rotational lightcurve in the V filter is roughly sinusoidal, with a 0.230-mag peak-to-peak amplitude and weaker higher order harmonics indicating primarily bimodal surface feature contrast. In addition to these photometric results, precise positions on 3 nights are given.

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Icarus, v. 68, issue 1, p. 167-175