The present invention provides a system and method of directing, focusing, or concentrating electrical charges within a defined electric field so that these charges can be used to exert forces on cells and tissues in vivo and/or cell cultures in vitro. The present invention reduces and/or eliminates the damage at a target site that would normally be caused by an electrode that acts as a current source or sink to accomplish the same task.
Rey, Jose I.; Gilbert, Richard; Jaroszeski, Mark J.; and Heller, Richard, "Passive electric field focus system for in vivo and in vitro applications" (2015). USF Patents. 18.
University of South Florida