Title

Expectations of Success and Anagram Performance of Depressives in a Public and Private Setting

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1978

Keywords

public vs private experimental setting & pretreatment with inescapable-noise/insoluble-problems, expectations of success & learned helplessness in anagram performance, depressed vs nondepressed college students

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1037/0021-843X.87.1.122

Abstract

Three groups of Ss—depressed, nondepressed, and nondepressed pretreated with an inescapable-noise/insoluble-problems manipulation—were compared on anagram performance and on stated expectations of success on trials of a perceptual task. Ss were 48 undergraduates who had been rated on the Beck Depression Inventory, the MMPI Depression scale, and the Self-Consciousness Scale. The design, frequently used in learned helplessness research, was used in both a public (experimenter present) and a private (experimenter absent) condition. Expectancy-of-success results revealed differences among the group's behaviors across the public–private conditions, suggesting that interpersonal mechanisms between S and experimenter rather than a learned helplessness conceptualization may account for these data.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

No

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Abnormal Psychology, v. 87, issue 1, p. 122-130

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