Expectations of Success and Anagram Performance of Depressives in a Public and Private Setting
public vs private experimental setting & pretreatment with inescapable-noise/insoluble-problems, expectations of success & learned helplessness in anagram performance, depressed vs nondepressed college students
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Three groups of Ss—depressed, nondepressed, and nondepressed pretreated with an inescapable-noise/insoluble-problems manipulation—were compared on anagram performance and on stated expectations of success on trials of a perceptual task. Ss were 48 undergraduates who had been rated on the Beck Depression Inventory, the MMPI Depression scale, and the Self-Consciousness Scale. The design, frequently used in learned helplessness research, was used in both a public (experimenter present) and a private (experimenter absent) condition. Expectancy-of-success results revealed differences among the group's behaviors across the public–private conditions, suggesting that interpersonal mechanisms between S and experimenter rather than a learned helplessness conceptualization may account for these data.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of Abnormal Psychology, v. 87, issue 1, p. 122-130
Scholar Commons Citation
Sacco, William P. and Hokanson, Jack E., "Expectations of Success and Anagram Performance of Depressives in a Public and Private Setting" (1978). Psychology Faculty Publications. 857.