The Effects of Thwarting of Aggression on Subsequent Aggression
induced anger & thwarting of aggression, subsequent aggression, male college students
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
In Exp I, 30 male undergraduate volunteers were either angered or not angered by a confederate and then randomly assigned to 1 of 3 conditions (no thwarting, nonarbitrary thwarting, and arbitrary thwarting). Following the thwarting manipulation, Ss were given an opportunity to aggress against the confederate. It wa hypothesized that greater aggression would be displayed by the angry Ss and thwarting of both classes of aggression (angry and nonangry) would lead to an increase in subsequent aggression. Both hypotheses were confirmed. Ss in the angry condition displayed more aggression, and thwarting increased subsequent aggressivity. Additionally, the amount of aggression displayed increased linearly from the no-thwarting to the nonarbitrary thwarting to the arbitrary thwarting condition for both classes of aggression. In Exp II a delayed posttest was employed with 31 Ss to determine the durability of aggression following the arbitrary thwarting of an instigation to aggress. It was found that the aggression aroused by arbitrary thwarting was maintained for at least 1 day.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Social Behavior and Personality, v. 3, issue 2, p. 233-241
Scholar Commons Citation
Spector, Paul E.; Penner, Louis A.; and Hawkins, Harold L., "The Effects of Thwarting of Aggression on Subsequent Aggression" (1975). Psychology Faculty Publications. 610.