Objectification theory, Objectified body consciousness, Body image, Eating pathology, Race/ethnicity
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Objectification theory asserts that self-objectification, which manifests as self-surveillance, leads to increased body shame and subsequent eating pathology. Although evidence supports the core mediational model, the majority of this work utilizes primarily White samples, limiting generalizability to other ethnic groups. The current study examined whether the core tenets of objectification theory generalize to Black and Hispanic women. Participants were 880 college women from the United States (71.7% White, 15.1% Hispanic, 13.2% Black) who completed self-report measures of self-surveillance, body shame, and disordered eating. Multivariate analysis of variance tests indicated lower levels of self-surveillance and disordered eating among Black women. Moreover, body shame mediated the relationship between self-surveillance and disordered eating for White and Hispanic women, but not for Black women. These analyses support growing evidence for the role of body shame as a mediator between body surveillance and eating pathology, but only for women in certain ethnic groups.
Was this content written or created while at USF?
Citation / Publisher Attribution
Body Image, v. 24, p. 5-12
This article is the post-print author version. Final version available at: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.10.005
Scholar Commons Citation
Schaefer, Lauren M.; Burke, Natasha L.; Calogero, Rachel M.; Menzel, Jessie E.; Krawczyk, Ross; and Thompson, Joel Kevin, "Self-objectification, Body Shame, and Disordered Eating: Testing a Core Mediational Model of Objectification Theory among White, Black, and Hispanic Women" (2018). Psychology Faculty Publications. 2420.