Title

Body Dysmorphic Disorder among Diverse Racial/Ethnic and Sexual Orientation Groups: Prevalence Estimates and Associated Factors

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-2010

Keywords

Body dysmorphic disorder, Body image, Gender, Race/ethnicity, LGBT

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1007/s11199-010-9831-1

Abstract

Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD) is a psychological disorder characterized by excessive appearance concerns. This cross-sectional study assessed an undergraduate sample of 1,041 participants from a southeastern American university to estimate an overall prevalence of BDD; investigate differences by gender, race/ethnicity, and sexual orientation; and also examine the contributions of other related constructs including appearance comparison, obligatory exercise, body image disturbance, and self-esteem. Results indicated an overall prevalence of 4.9%. Women endorsed more symptoms of BDD than men, among women Caucasians and Latinas endorsed more symptoms than African Americans, and sexual minorities endorsed more symptoms than heterosexuals. Overall, BDD symptomatology was negatively correlated with body satisfaction and self-esteem and positively correlated with appearance comparison and obligatory exercise.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Sex Roles, v. 63, issue 9-10, p. 725-737

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