Gender and Sex Role Differences in the Perception of Social Support
Social Support, Social Psychology, Stress Level, Emotional Support, Social Participation
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
This study examined the relationships among support types (i.e., emotional, instrumental, and nonintimate social participation), gender, sex role orientation, and stress level among college undergraduates (N=253). Dependent variables included need, perceived availability, and satisfaction with support. Sex differences were found only in emotional support, with men reporting less need, perceived availability, and marginally less satisfaction than women. The only gender by sex role interaction was on need for emotional support. Traditional sex-typed men reported less need than traditional women, whereas there was no difference between androgynous men and women. While sex differences do exist for emotional support, the effects of sex role orientation on perceptions of social support appears to be somewhat circumscribed.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Sex Roles, v. 14, issues 9-10, p. 481-499
Scholar Commons Citation
Rosenthal, Karen R.; Gesten, Ellis L.; and Shiffman, Saul, "Gender and Sex Role Differences in the Perception of Social Support" (1986). Psychology Faculty Publications. 1437.