Psychosocial Animal Model of PTSD Produces a Long-Lasting Traumatic Memory, an Increase in General Anxiety and PTSD-Like Glucocorticoid Abnormalities
Stress, Trauma, Glucocorticoids, HPA axis, Memory, Dexamethasone, Animal model, Fear conditioning
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is characterized by a pathologically intense memory for a traumatic experience, persistent anxiety and physiological abnormalities, such as low baseline glucocorticoid levels and increased sensitivity to dexamethasone. We have addressed the hypothesis that rats subjected to chronic psychosocial stress would exhibit PTSD-like sequelae, including traumatic memory expression, increased anxiety and abnormal glucocorticoid responses. Adult male Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed to a cat on two occasions separated by 10 days, in conjunction with chronic social instability. Three weeks after the second cat exposure, the rats were tested for glucocorticoid abnormalities, general anxiety and their fear-conditioned memory of the two cat exposures. Stressed rats exhibited reduced basal glucocorticoid levels, increased glucocorticoid suppression following dexamethasone administration, heightened anxiety and a robust fear memory in response to cues that were paired with the two cat exposures. The commonalities in endocrine and behavioral measures between psychosocially stressed rats and traumatized people with PTSD provide the opportunity to explore mechanisms underlying psychological trauma-induced changes in neuroendocrine systems and cognition.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Psychoneuroendocrinology, v. 37, issue 9, p. 1541-1545
Scholar Commons Citation
Zoladz, Phillip R.; Fleshner, Monika; and Diamond, David M., "Psychosocial Animal Model of PTSD Produces a Long-Lasting Traumatic Memory, an Increase in General Anxiety and PTSD-Like Glucocorticoid Abnormalities" (2012). Psychology Faculty Publications. 1371.