The Proof is in the Punch: Gender Differences in Perceptions of Action and Aggression as Components of Manhood
Precarious manhood, Physical aggression, Gender roles, Human gender differences
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Two studies test the hypotheses that men, relative to women: 1) see manhood as a more elusive, impermanent state than womanhood, and 2) understand aggression as a means of proving or re-establishing threatened manhood, but not threatened womanhood. In Study 1 (N = 175 Northeastern U.S. undergraduates), men’s (but not women’s) sentence completions revealed tendencies to define manhood by actions and womanhood by enduring traits. In Study 2 (N = 113 Southeastern U.S. undergraduates), men were more likely than women to explain a man’s physical aggression in primarily situational terms, whereas men and women did not differ in the attributions they made for a woman’s physical aggression. Results suggest that men perceive active and aggressive behaviors as integral parts of manhood and its defense.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Sex Roles, v. 62, issues 3-4, p. 241-251
Scholar Commons Citation
Weaver, Jonathan R.; Vandello, Joseph A.; Bosson, Jennifer K.; and Burnaford, Rochelle M., "The Proof is in the Punch: Gender Differences in Perceptions of Action and Aggression as Components of Manhood" (2010). Psychology Faculty Publications. 1173.