Title

Testing the Effect of MOSSFA (Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation) Events in Benthic Microcosms

Document Type

Book Chapter

Publication Date

7-2019

Keywords

MOSSFA, Ecological impact, Sediment, Macroinvertebrates, Meiofauna

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-12963-7_17

Abstract

In multispecies experiments performed in microcosms with natural sediment, it was investigated how the presence of marine snow affects the fate and ecological impact of deposited oil residues. The response of different taxonomic groups like nematodes, foraminifera, crustaceans and molluscs onto the presence of marine snow with or without oil was compared with the impact of deposited oil residues without marine snow. Also the effect of the presence of marine snow on oil biodegradation and transfer of oil-derived compounds to selected biota was studied. Although not designed to mimic the specific deep sea conditions in the Gulf of Mexico, the outcome of the experiments gave new insights in how a MOSSFA event can affect the benthic community. In general the experiments indicate that at field realistic oil-derived compound concentrations, the adverse impact of the marine snow on the sediment surface has a stronger impact on the benthic ecosystem than the oil’s toxicity on its own. In addition, the presence of marine snow reduces the degradation of the oil and can create an exposure route for animals that consume oiled marine snow and thus potentially enhances the ecological impact further.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Testing the Effect of MOSSFA (Marine Oil Snow Sedimentation and Flocculent Accumulation) Events in Benthic Microcosms, in S. A. Murawski, C. H. Ainsworth, S. Gilbert, D. J. Hollander, C. B. Paris, M, Schlüter & D. L. Wetzel (Eds.), Scenarios and Responses to Future Deep Oil Spills: Fighting the Next War, Springer, p. 288-299

Share

COinS