Outcomes of Mandated Treatment for Women with Histories of Abuse and Co-Occurring Disorders
Coercion, Trauma, Co-occurring disorders, Mandated treatment, Women
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Although there is much momentum for behavioral health policies supporting mandated treatment, there is little evidence supporting its safety and effectiveness for individuals with complex issues. The authors used a national study of women with co-occurring psychiatric, substance use disorders and histories of trauma to compare mandated and voluntary treatment by examining psychiatric, substance use, and trauma-related outcomes following treatment. This quasi-experimental study included 2,726 women, with measures completed at baseline, 6-month, and 12-month follow-up. Two-way analyses of covariance examined the main and interactive effects of coercive status (mandated vs. voluntary) and condition (integrated treatment vs. services as usual) on psychiatric distress, trauma-related symptoms, and substance use outcomes. Women did better with integrated treatment and with mandated treatment regardless of treatment condition for psychiatric, trauma, and substance use outcomes at both follow-ups. Further research clarifying unintended side effects and change mechanisms of mandated treatment is needed to inform policy decisions.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, v. 37, issue 4, p. 346-352
Scholar Commons Citation
Clark, Colleen and Young, M. Scott, "Outcomes of Mandated Treatment for Women with Histories of Abuse and Co-Occurring Disorders" (2009). Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications. 891.