Violence, Mental Disorder and the Law
Insanity defense, Criminally insane persons, Criminality prediction, Psychologists role in criminal just, Mental illness-crime relationships, Violence causes
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Central issues include the causal relationship between mental disorders and violence, the ability of mental health professionals to predict violence, and the appropriate consequences for a person with mental illness who commits violence or who is predicted to be violent. Legal issues include civil commitment, the insanity defense, the prediction of future dangerousness, antidiscrimination law, and the new liabilities created by managed care. The past 25 years of debate and discussion have forced the rethinking of some of the assumptions of the legal system, as well as a critical examination in the mental health professions of practitioners' abilities and potential for contributions in the areas of risk assessment and legal decisionmaking. In this debate, neither mental health professionals, the courts, nor academicians have approached a crucial issue: the lack of explicit standards for assessing risk and the need to establishing professionally sanction standards in this area. Assessment standards are needed to reduce the possibility of errors, to determine liability in cases resulting in problems, and to prevent overly conservative practice in the absence of standards. Note and 63 references
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Violence, Mental Disorder and the Law, in M. Costanza, S. Oskamp (Eds.), Violence and the Law, p. 161-180
Scholar Commons Citation
Petrila, John; Otto, Randy; and Poythress, Norman, "Violence, Mental Disorder and the Law" (1994). Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications. 404.