Title

The Geriatric Depression Scale: A Comprehensive Review

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1998

Keywords

psychometric properties & utility of English version Geriatric Depression Scale

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://doi.org/10.1037/t00930-000

Abstract

Reviews published information regarding the psychometric properties and utility of the English version Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS) that has accumulated over the past decade. In a number of populations, studies have assessed the reliability of the GDS using both test–retest and internal methods. The validity of the Scale was examined by comparing the results of the GDS with a number of "gold standards," including clinical diagnosis and a number of other scales that purport to measure depression. The GDS has been shown to have high internal consistency and is stable over time. The Criterion validity of the GDS has also been demonstrated with most sensitivity and specificity scores remaining above 80%. However, studies examining the use of the GDS with cognitively impaired Ss produced mixed results, and preliminary studies evaluating the GDS's utility with non-Caucasian Ss have been inconclusive. In general, the studies reviewed support the validity of the GDS as a useful tool for screening for depression in the elderly. Recommendations for clinical and research use of the GDS are offered.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Clinical Geropsychology, v. 4, issue 2, p. 89-110

Share

COinS