Lt Col (Ret) David L. Bibighaus, PhD (B.S. Electrical Engineering, United States Air Force Academy, M.S. Computer Science, University of California, Los Angeles, Ph.D. Computer Science, Naval Post-Graduate School) is a Lead Engineer for Booz-Allen-Hamilton. He has taught for the Air Force Academy in the Departments of Computer Science and Military Strategic Studies. He has also served as the Head of the Computer Network Defense Branch at the Air Force Research Laboratory, as an Electronic Warfare Officer in Afghanistan, and as a Crew Commander at the Air Force Computer Emergency Response Team. He has dedicated his career in the Air Force protect operations in cyberspace by developing new technology and the people who will employ them.
All warfare contains and element of randomness. This article will argue that, the kind uncertainty encountered in cyber warfare (Power-Law randomness) is fundamentally different from the uncertainty the military has evolved to deal with in the physical world (Gaussian-Randomness). The article will explain the difference between these two kinds of randomness, and how cyber weapons appear to operate under Power-Law randomness. It then will show how in cyberspace, key aspects of strategic thought are based on a flaws assumption of randomness. Finally, this article shall argue that if the American military is going to be effective in cyberspace, it must re-examine the way the military assumes risk, recruits is forces, plans for war and maintains the peace.
Bibighaus, David L.. "How Power-Laws Re-Write The Rules Of Cyber Warfare." Journal of Strategic Security 8, no. 4 (2015):
Available at: https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/jss/vol8/iss4/3