This paper discusses the history of bike-sharing from the early 1st generation program to present day 3rd generation programs. Included are a detailed examination of models of provision, with benefits and detriments of each, and a description of capital and operating costs. The paper concludes with a look into the future through discussion about what a 4th generation bike-sharing program could be.
Bike-sharing: History, Impacts, Models of Provision, and Future.
Journal of Public Transportation, 12 (4): 41-56.
Available at: https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/jpt/vol12/iss4/3