Interaction of 12/15-Lipoxygenase with Fatty Acids Alters the Leukocyte Kinetics Leading to Improved Postmyocardial Infarction Healing
Cardiac remodeling, Fatty acids, Inflammation, Left ventricle, Leukocytes, Lipid mediators, Lipoxygenase, Myocardial infarction, Neutrophils, Polyunsaturated fatty acids, Polyunsaturated fatty acids
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
The metabolic transformation of fatty acids to form oxylipids using 12/15-lipoxygenase (LOX) can promote either resolving or nonresolving inflammation. However, the mechanism of how 12/15-LOX interacts with polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) in postmyocardial infarction (post-MI) healing is unclear. Here, we reported the role of 12/15-LOX in post-MI cardiac remodeling in a PUFA [10% (wt/wt), 22 kcal]-enriched environment. Wild-type (WT; C57BL/6J) and 12/15-LOX-null (12/15-LOX-/-) male mice of 8–12 wk of age were fed a PUFA-enriched diet for 1 mo and subjected to permanent coronary artery ligation. Post-MI mice were monitored for day 1 or until day 5 along with standard diet-fed MI controls. No-MI surgery mice served as naïve controls. PUFA-fed WT and 12/15-LOX-/- mice improved ejection fraction and reduced lung edema greater than WT mice at day 5 post-MI (P < 0.05). Post-MI, neutrophil density was decreased in PUFA-fed WT and 12/15-LOX-/- mice at day 1 (P < 0.05). Deletion of 12/15-LOX in mice led to increased cytochrome P-450-derived bioactive lipid mediator epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EETs), i.e., 11,12-EpETrE and 14,15-EpETrE, which were further enhanced by acute PUFA intake post-MI. Macrophage density was decreased in WT + PUFA and 12/15-LOX-/- mice compared with their respective standard diet-fed WT controls at day 5 post-MI. 12/15-LOX-/- + PUFA mice displayed an increased expression of chemokine (C-C motif) ligand 2 and reparative macrophages markers (Ym-1, Mrc-1, and Arg-1, all P < 0.05) in the infarcted area. Furthermore, 12/15-LOX-/- mice, with or without PUFA, showed reduced collagen deposition at day 5 post-MI compared with WT mice. In conclusion, deletion of 12/15- LOX and short-term exposure of PUFA promoted leukocyte clearance, thereby limiting cardiac remodeling and promoting an effective resolution of inflammation. NEW & NOTEWORTHY This study determined that 1) deletion of 12/15-lipoxygenase (LOX) promotes the generation of epoxyeicosatrienoic acids, the cytochrome P-450-derived metabolites in postmyocardial infarction (post-MI) healing; 2) acute exposure of fatty acids to 12/15-LOX-/- mice drives leukocyte (neutrophils and macrophages) clearance post-MI; and 3) metabolic transformation of fats is the significant contributor in leukocyte clearance to drive either resolving or nonresolving inflammation post-MI.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
American Journal of Physiology - Heart and Circulatory Physiology, v. 313, issue 1, p. H89-H102
Scholar Commons Citation
Halade, Ganesh V.; Kain, Vasundhara; Ingle, Kevin A.; and Prabhu, Sumanth D., "Interaction of 12/15-Lipoxygenase with Fatty Acids Alters the Leukocyte Kinetics Leading to Improved Postmyocardial Infarction Healing" (2017). Internal Medicine Faculty Publications. 36.