The adaptations in the life history of the Carabid beetle Neaphaenops tellkampfii has been investigated in respect to seasonal food input. The following characters have been studied: copulations, egg production, larvae and pupae.
Kane, Thomas C.; Russell M. Norton; and Thomas L. Poulson.
The ecology of a predaceous troglobitic beetle, Neaphaenops tellkampfii (Coleoptera: Carabidae, Trechinae) I. Seasonality of food input and early life history stages.
International Journal of Speleology,
Available at: https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/ijs/vol7/iss1/5