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Most Popular Papers *

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Bat guano minerals and mineralization processes in Chameau Cave, Eastern Morocco
Philippe Audra, Vasile Heresanu, Lionel Barriquand, Mohamed El Kadiri Boutchich, Stephane Jaillet, Edwige Pons-Branchu, Pavel Bosak, Hai Cheng, R Lawrence Edwards, and Michel Renda

  • Bat guano decay produced leachates resulting in phosphates and sulfates
  • Minerals are grouped in precursors and result from reaction with carbonates and phyllosilicates
  • Old fluvial deposits have been deeply weathered and phosphatized by guano leachates
  • Pure “candy-floss” gypsum piles could be related to specific condensation/evaporation conditions
  • Besides dust particles, condensation is an essential factor controlling guano decay in dry caves

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Microhabitat selection of a Sicilian subterranean woodlouse and its implications for cave management
Giuseppe Nicolosi, Stefano Mammola, Salvatore Costanzo, Giorgio Sabella, Rosolino Cirrincione, Giovanni Signorello, and Marco Isaia

  • The impact of cave tourism on cave-dwelling arthropods is understudied
  • We investigated the microhabitat selection of an endemic cave dwelling woodlouse
  • Our target species is primarily affected by microclimate alterations
  • Monitoring of cave microclimate is recommended

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Application of the global SRTM and AW3D30 digital elevation models to mapping folds at cave sites
Mark J. Abolins and Albert E. Ogden

  • The global SRTM digital terrain model and AW3D30 digital surface model are used to map and describe folds
  • Structural controls on cave passage orientation are revealed
  • Discoveries are made in very gently folded strata dipping <5o
  • Evaluation site characteristics indicate potential for wide use

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Microbiological study in a gneissic cave from Sri Lanka, with special focus on potential antimicrobial activities
Ethige Isuru P. Silva, Pathmakumara Jayasingha, Saman Senanayake, Anura Dandeniya, and Dona Helani Munasinghe

  • Sthreepura Cave, Sri Lanka, has extreme conditions with close to strong acidic cave-sediments
  • Four cave wall-dwelling fungal isolates were identified as the first records in Sri Lanka
  • Of eight fungal isolates, three showed antimicrobial activity against at least one human pathogen
  • Aspergillus fumigatus strain had good antimicrobial activities against Staphylococcus aureus
  • Four chemical fractions with antimicrobial activities against S. aureus were identified

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A world review of fungi, yeasts, and slime molds in caves
Karen J. Vanderwolf, David Malloch, Donald F. McAlpine, and Graham J. Forbes

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Safe and effective disinfection of show cave infrastructure in a time of COVID-19
Hazel A. Barton

  • Showcaves have unique challenges to coronavirus disinfection
  • The chemistry of coronaviruses suggest they will adsorb to limestone
  • The chemistry of limestone surfaces is likely to inactivate coronaviruses
  • Effective disinfectants with minimal impact on caves were identified
  • Face masks and social distancing remain critical in preventing disease

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Ecophysiological responses of two closely related epigean and hypogean Niphargus species to hypoxia and increased temperature: Do they differ?
Tatjana Simčič and Boris Sket

  • Oxygen consumption of both Niphargus species increased during post-hypoxic recovery
  • Oxygen consumption of hypogen species gradually decreased after reaching maximum
  • Increased temperature modified the metabolic responses to hypoxia
  • Responses differed between closely related epigean and hypogean Niphargus species

* Based on the average number of full-text downloads per day since the paper was posted.
» Updated as of 04/12/21.