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Most Popular Papers *

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Stratigraphical influence on chalk cave development in Upper Normandy, France: implications for chalk hydrogeology
Daniel Ballesteros, Andrew Farrant, Carole Nehme, Mark Woods, Dominique Todisco, and Damase Mouralis

  • The role of stratigraphic discontinuities on chalk speleogenesis has been analyzed
  • The analyses combine cave geometry, karst geomorphology and stratigraphical sections
  • Chalk caves and karst springs are related to hardgrounds, sheet-flints and marl beds
  • Hardgrounds, sheet-flints and marl beds concentrated groundwater flow forming caves
  • The results reinforce the visualization of the Chalk as a karst aquifer

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Bubble trail and folia in cenote Zapote, Mexico: petrographic evidence for abiotic precipitation driven by CO2 degassing below the water table
Rafael López-Martínez, Fernando Gázquez, José M. Calaforra, Philippe Audra, Jean Y. Bigot, Teresa Pi Puig, Rocío J. Alcántara-Hernández, Ángel Navarro, Philippe Crochet, Liliana Corona Martínez, and Raquel Daza Brunet

  • The origin of folia is still controversial
  • In the Cenote Zapote occurs the biggest reported folia
  • Folia are the result of subaqueous calcite precipitation around CO2 bubbles

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The impact of sample processing and media chemistry on the culturable diversity of bacteria isolated from a cave
Katey E. Bender, Katelyn Glover, Alexander Archey, and Hazel A. Barton

  • A “culturomics” cultivation study was performed in a cave for the first time
  • Cultivation strategies were assessed for their performance with cave microbes
  • Sample suspension buffer had no effect on culturability
  • Including antibiotics in culture media decreased apparent culturability, diversity
  • Antibiotics enriched rarer slow-growing species that are more difficult to isolate

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Safe and effective disinfection of show cave infrastructure in a time of COVID-19
Hazel A. Barton

  • Showcaves have unique challenges to coronavirus disinfection
  • The chemistry of coronaviruses suggest they will adsorb to limestone
  • The chemistry of limestone surfaces is likely to inactivate coronaviruses
  • Effective disinfectants with minimal impact on caves were identified
  • Face masks and social distancing remain critical in preventing disease

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Did you wash your caving suit? Cavers’ role in the potential spread of Pseudogymnoascus destructans, the causative agent of White-Nose Disease
Violeta Zhelyazkova, Antonia Hubancheva, Georgi Radoslavov, Nia Toshkova, and Sebastien J. Puechmaille

  • The fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Pd) is a deadly pathogen for bats
  • Pd spores can be present on caving equipment following a visit to a cave
  • Pd spores can survive on caving equipment for at least 25 days, and probably longer
  • Regular washing removes most Pd spores although it does not replace decontamination
  • Worldwide measures to reduce anthropogenic pathogen pollution in caves are needed

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A world review of fungi, yeasts, and slime molds in caves
Karen J. Vanderwolf, David Malloch, Donald F. McAlpine, and Graham J. Forbes

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The role of microhabitats in structuring cave invertebrate communities in Guatemala
Gabrielle S.M. Pacheco, Marconi Souza Silva, Enio Cano, and Rodrigo L. Ferreira

  • Troglobitic species responded to different substrate features than non-troglobitic species
  • The high specialization of troglobitic species might explain such different responses
  • The findings of this study give insights on how biodiversity is distributed within a cave
  • Conservation measures should aim to preserve as many microhabitats and trophic resources as possible

* Based on the average number of full-text downloads per day since the paper was posted.
» Updated as of 10/30/20.