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Editor-in-Chief:

  • Cihan Cobanoglu, Ph.D., University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, USA

Associate Editor:

  • Faizan Ali, Ph.D., University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee, USA

Assistant Editors:

  • Po-Ju Chen, PhD, University of Central Florida, USA
  • Yuan Zhou, PhD, North Minzu University, China

Editorial Assistant:

  • Seden Dogan, Ph.D, Ondokuz Mayis University, Turkey
  • Muhittin Cavusoglu, University of South Florida, USA

Publishing Design Assistant:

  • Cavusoglu, Muhittin, M.S., College of Education, University of South Florida, USA

Publisher:

  • Association of North America Higher Education International (ANAHEI) (anahei.org)

Editorial Advisory Board:

  • Dr. Dayang Haszelinna Abang Ali, University Malaysia Sarawak, UNIMAS, Malaysia
  • Dr. Wessam Abouarghoub, Cardiff University, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Akin Aksu, Akdeniz University, Turkey
  • Dr. Anwar Al Quraan, Yarmouk University, Jordan
  • Dr. Ahmad Albattat, Ammon Applied University College, Jordan
  • Dr. Mohd Norfian Alifiah, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Dr. Muhamad Anuar, Universiti Terbuka Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Dr. Ali Apali, Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Turkey
  • Dr. Azlin Shafinaz Arshad, MARA University of Technology, Malaysia
  • Dr. Sisay Asefa, Western Michigan University, USA
  • Dr. Hayriye Atik, Erciyes University, Turkey
  • Dr. Mutlu Avcilar, Osmaniye Korkut Ata University, Turkey
  • Dr. Jungho Baek, University of Alaska Fairbanks, USA
  • Dr. Kandappan Balasubramanian, Taylor’s University Lakeside Campus, Malaysia
  • Esq. Keith Barron, University of South Florida Sarasota-Manatee , USA
  • Dr. Jennifer Bechkoff, San Jose State University, USA
  • Dr. Neera Bhansali, Florida International University, USA
  • Dr. Faik Bilgili, Erciyes University, Turkey
  • Dr. James Butler, Iowa State University, USA
  • Dr. Kiymet Caliyurt, Trakya University, Turkey
  • Dr. Maria Gabriella Campolo, University of Messina, Italy
  • Dr. Vincenzo Capizzi, Universita del Piemonte Orientale, Italy
  • Dr. Domenico Carzo, University of Messina, Italy
  • Dr. Tamer Cetin, Yildiz Technical University , Turkey
  • Dr. Ali Sukru Cetinkaya, Selcuk University, Turkey
  • Dr. Savas Cevik, Selcuk University, Turkey
  • Dr. Tofan Cezarina Adina, University of Pitesti, Romania
  • Dr. Tanusree Chakraborty, Rajalakshmi School of Business, India
  • Dr. S.H. Joanne Chan, University of Macau, China
  • Dr. Mahalaya Chatterjee, University of Calcutta, India
  • Dr. Chih-Hsiang Chen, Peking University, China
  • Dr. Kuangnen Cheng, Marist College, USA
  • Dr. C. Lal Chugh, University of Massachusetts Boston, USA
  • Dr. Ephraim Clark, Middlesex University, UK
  • Dr. Ayse Bas Collins, Bilkent University, Turkey
  • Dr. Michela Cordazzo , Ca’ Foscari University of Venice, Italy
  • Dr. Claudia Custodio, Arizona State University, USA
  • Dr. Ernest Czermanski, University of Gdansk, Poland
  • Dr. Q. Minh Dao, Eastern Illinois University, USA
  • Dr. Seydou Dao, University of Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
  • Dr. Volkan Demir, Galatasaray University, Turkey
  • Dr. Ihsan Demir, Afyon Kocatepe University, Turkey
  • Dr. Prakash Deo, University of Houston-Downtown, USA
  • Dr. Fred DeMicco, University of Delaware, USA
  • Dr. Betul Yuce Dural, Anadolu University, Turkey
  • Dr. Yakup Durmaz, Hasan Kalyoncu University, Turkey
  • Dr. Clemense Ehoff, Central Washington University, USA
  • Dr. Chris Fawson, Utah State University, USA
  • Dr. Joyce Eisel, Harris-Stowe State University, USA
  • Dr. Alexandra Florea, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Romania
  • Dr. Ana Paula Gama, University of Beira Interior, Portugal
  • Dr. Jayendra Gokhale, Embry-Riddle Aeronautical University, USA
  • Dr. Feride Gonel, Yildiz Technical University, Turkey
  • Dr. Ferda Halicioglu, Istanbul Medeniyet University, Turkey
  • Dr. Mike Hampton, Florida International University, USA
  • Dr. Jing Han, California State University, Fullerton
  • Dr. Burcin Hatipoglu, Bogazici University, Turkey
  • Dr. Sotiris Hji-Avgoustis, Ball State University, USA
  • Dr. E. Robert Holtfreter, Central Washington University, USA
  • Dr. Ali Ihtiyar, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia
  • Dr. Paul Iske, Maastricht University, Netherlands
  • Dr. Mohd Faizal Jamaludin, Politeknik Tuanku Sultanah Bahiyah, Malaysia
  • Dr. Warveni Jap, Thompson Rivers University, Canada
  • Dr. Seong-Jong Joo, Central Washington University, USA
  • Dr. Sunaina Kanojia, University of Delhi, India
  • Dr. Aahed Khliefat, The University of Jordan, Jordan
  • Dr. Ellen Kim, California State University, Fullerton, USA
  • Dr. Murat Kizildag, University of Central Florida, USA
  • Dr. Fred Ku, Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (S.A.R.)
  • Dr. Jacob Kurien, Johns Hopkins University, China
  • Dr. Daniel Lam, Baptist University China, China
  • Dr. Andy Lee, The University of Queensland, Australia
  • Dr. Theodoros Lianos, Athens University, Greece
  • Dr. Helge Loebler, University of Leipzig, Germany
  • Dr. Chun Kit Lok, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (S.A.R.)
  • Dr. Jesus Lopez-Rodriguez, Universidade da Coruna, Spain
  • Dr. Jose Angel Lopez Sanchez, Universidad de Extremadura, Spain
  • Dr. Despina Marouchou, European University Cyprus, Cyprus
  • Dr. Jose Miranda, The University of Tulsa, USA
  • Dr. Fotis Misopoulos, University of Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Anne-Marie Mohammed, The University of the West Indies, Trinidad and Tobago
  • Dr. Sunita Mondal, Slippery Rock University of Pennsylvania, USA
  • Dr. Andrew Moreo, Florida International University, USA
  • Dr. Alan Nankervis, Curtin University, Australia
  • Dr. Nishad Nawaz, Kingdom University, Bahrain
  • Dr. Chynette Nealy, University of Houston Downtown, USA
  • Dr. Eugenia Nissi, G.d’annunzio Chieti -Pescara, Italy
  • Dr. Bendegul Okumus, University of Central Florida, USA
  • Dr. Walid Ben Omrane, Brock University, Canada
  • Dr. Miriam Otoo, International Water Management Institute, Sri Lanka
  • Dr. Dilek Ozdemir, Ataturk University, Turkey
  • Dr. Mustafa Ozer, Anadolu University, Turkey
  • Dr. Kubilay Ozyer, Gaziosmanpasa University, Tunisia
  • Dr. Sung Hee Park, Macau University of Science and Technology, China
  • Dr. Silvia Peluffo, Universidad de La Republica, Uruguay
  • Dr. D. Wayne Perry, George Mason University, USA
  • Dr. Raquel Quiroga-Garcia, University of Oviedo, Spain
  • Dr. Nur Suhaili Ramli, University of York, Italy
  • Dr. Arthur Raymond, Muhlenberg College, USA
  • Dr. Maurizio Rija, Università della Calabria, Italy
  • Dr. Peter Rios , Indiana Wesleyan University , USA
  • Dr. David Rivera, East Carolina University, USA
  • Dr. Loris Rubini, University of New Hampshire, USA
  • Dr. Necdet Saglam, Anadolu University, Turkey
  • Dr. Markus Schuckert, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, China
  • Dr. Seval Selimoglu, Anadolu University, Turkey
  • Dr. Srivatsa Seshadri, University of Nebraska at Kearney, USA
  • Dr. Amjad Shamim, Universiti Teknologi Petronas, Malaysia
  • Dr. Amon Simba, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Gaunette Sinclair-Maragh, University of Technology, Jamaica
  • Dr. Georgios Skoulas, University of Macedonia, Greece
  • Dr. Saloomeh Tabari, Sheffield Hallam University, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Glenn Tanner, Texas State University, USA
  • Dr. Abdullah Tanrisevdi, Adnan Menderes University, Turkey
  • Dr. R. Ronald Tidd, Central Washington University, USA
  • Dr. Weili Teng, Nottingham Trent University, United Kingdom
  • Dr. Kostas Theologou, National Technical University of Athens, Greece
  • Dr. Toney Thomas , Taylor’s University, Malaysia
  • Dr. R. Ronald Tidd, Central Washington University, USA
  • Dr. Desislava Toteva, Institute of Agricultural Economics, Bulgaria
  • Dr. Alberto Turon, University of Zaragoza, Spain
  • Dr. Emre Ulusoy, Youngstown State University, USA
  • Dr. Elena Vetrova , Saint Petersburg State University of Economics , Russian Federation
  • Dr. Ning Wang, Valdosta State University, USA
  • Dr. O. Nicole Widmar, Purdue University, USA
  • Dr. Alistair Williams, Johnson & Wales University, USA
  • Dr. Raymond Kin Ho Wong, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (S.A.R.)
  • Dr. Yildirim Yilmaz, Akdeniz University, Turkey
  • Dr. Guo-Liang Yang, Chinese Academy of Sciences, China
  • Dr. Mehmet Yavuz, Cukurova University, Turkey
  • Dr. Berna Burcu Yilmaz, Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University , Turkey
  • Dr. Burcu Yilmaz, Dokuz Eylul University, Turkey
  • Dr. Rifat Yilmaz, Bilecik Seyh Edebali University, Turkey
  • Dr. Leyuan You, Texas State University, USA
  • Dr. Tingting Zhang, University of Central Florida, USA
  • Dr. Zheng Zhang, University of Shanghai for Science and Technology, China