The paper presents in synthesis the conids from Lăpugiu de Sus, especially those which are preserved in the collections of Palaeontology-Stratigraphy Museum of the Babeş-Bolyai University. Conids, carnivorous gastropods who lived in shallow waters from neritic zones, in warm seas, respectivelly subtropical to tropical, with a normal salinity, have been the most diversified gastropods at Lăpugiu de Sus during the Middle Miocene (Badenian). There are also species which could tolerate slight decreasing of salinity such as Conus (Conolithus) dujardini brezinae. It was remarked that the conids from Lăpugiu de Sus lived in the conditions of shore-offshore zones where the temperature of water was about 21ºC.
Chira, Carmen and Voia, Ileana
Middle Miocene (Badenian) Conidae from Lapugiu de Sus, Romania: systematical and palaeoecological data,
Studia UBB Geologia
Available at: https://scholarcommons.usf.edu/geologia/vol46/iss2/art13