Degree Granting Department
Psychological and Social Foundations
Linda Raffaele Mendez, Ph.D.
Kelly A. Powell-Smith, Ph.D.
Robert Dedrick, Ph.D.
Intervention, Program Evaluation, Computer Assisted Instruction, Elementary School Students, Phonemes
The current study examined the effects of two computer-delivered phonological awareness training programs (Earobics Step 1 and Lexia Early Reading) on the early literacy skills of kindergarten and first grade students at risk for reading failure. The study utilized a multi-group pretest-treatment-posttest design. Student participants, who were identified for the study through a school-wide screening, were randomly assigned to one of three groups (i.e., Earobics, Lexia Early Reading, or control), and their progress was monitored throughout a five-week intervention period. Results using an analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) to examine differences in adjusted mean post-test scores indicated that the Earobics program produced better outcomes than the Lexia and control groups as measured by the Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills. Results of a hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) analysis examining initial status and rates of growth also indicated greater rates of change among the Earobics group when compared with the Lexia and control groups. The Earobics program was shown to be an effective intervention for improving early literacy skills for students at risk for reading failure. Implications of the study for working with early elementary students who show deficits in phonological awareness are discussed.
Scholar Commons Citation
Gale, Deanne, "The Effect of Computer-Delivered Phonological Awareness Training on the Early Literacy Skills of Students Identified as At-Risk for Reading Failure" (2006). Graduate Theses and Dissertations.