Degree Granting Department
Mark A. Ross, Ph.D.
Watershed ratio, Ungaged watersheds, Streamflow fractionation, Precipitation fraction, Coastal sub-basins
Deriving accurate streamflow estimates for ungaged watersheds provides a challenging task for water resource engineers. Traditional methods include correlation to the nearest USGS streamflow station or numeric simulation of watershed rainfall-runoff processes. Mean annual flow, ten percent exceedance and other streamflow indices can be normalized and non-dimensionalized by dividing by the watershed drainage area and the mean annual precipitation rate. Obtaining non-dimensional parameters can be especially useful for extrapolation of flows to downstream, ungaged, coastal fringe regions. Florida and other states along the Gulf Coast exhibit strong variability in the magnitude of streamflow fraction of precipitation. The irregular patterns created by the variance in magnitude do not correlate well with traditional statistical methods of parameter estimation. Using spatial and hydrologic factors, this study, through parameter sensitivity analysis, correlates land-use, slope, soil type, precipitation, and watershed area to a non-dimensional fraction that is to be applied to ungaged regions to determine the streamflow scaling. The study domain for the land-use correlation method is West-Central Florida. Strong trends in correlation to land-use were found but underlying geology must also be considered when defining the study domain. Urbanization, depth-to-water-table and grassland were the dominant parameters in the northern study domain yielding an 80 percent correlation to streamflow fraction for the combined factors. While in the southern domain, wetlands and depth-to-water-table combined to be an indicator with a 75 percent correlation.
Scholar Commons Citation
Clayback, Kim Beth, "Investigation of normalized streamflow in West Central Florida and extrapolation to ungaged coastal fringe tributaries" (2006). Graduate Theses and Dissertations.