Degree Granting Department
Cheryl L. Kirstein, Ph.D.
Addiction, Adolescent, Alcohol-nicotine interactions, Conditioned place preference, Novelty preference
Adolescence is a period of development that is associated with increased risk taking behaviors and experimenting with drugs of abuse, including alcohol and nicotine. Early onset of use of these agents may be associated with long-term changes in behavior and enhanced sensitivity to the subsequent effects of alcohol in adulthood. The present experiment was designed to assess the long-term behavioral alterations that occur due to adolescent exposure to ethanol and nicotine, either alone or in combination, on adulthood responsivity to the rewarding properties of environmental cues paired with ethanol. It was hypothesized that adolescent rats exposed to the combination of ethanol and nicotine would exhibit enhanced novelty seeking behaviors in adulthood. When assessing the rewarding properties of environmental cues paired with ethanol in adulthood using the CPP paradigm, it was hypothesized that adolescent rats exposed to the combination of a moderate dose of alcohol (0.75 g/kg) and nicotine (0.4 mg/kg) would more readily acquire a CPP in adulthood as compared to animals exposed to either drug alone. However, no changes in novelty seeking behaviors or conditioned place preference in adulthood were observed due to exposure to ethanol and/or nicotine during adolescence .Methodological considerations are discussed. Currently, other experiments are being conducted to assess the effects of nicotine on voluntary ethanol treatment in adolescent and adult male rats.
Scholar Commons Citation
Maldonado, Antoniette M., "The effects of alcohol and nicotine pretreatment during adolescence on adulthood responsivity to alcohol" (2007). Graduate Theses and Dissertations.