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Over the past decade we have witnessed intensified efforts on the part of international organizationssuch as the World Health Organization (WHO), Rehabilitation International (RI), the International League of Societies for Persons with Mental Handicap (ILSPMH), the World Rehabilitation Fund (WRF), and many othersto support programs on disability prevention, while helping, through a variety of programs and strategies, to ameliorate the conditions of persons with disabilities in developing countries. The success of international efforts to address the problems associated with disability in the Third World will dependat least in parton how well those engaged in such efforts at different levels understand and appreciate the contexts in which they offer their expertise and advice. To the extent that preventive, habilitative, and other social action programs must be responsive to the unique cultural, social, economic, and political realities that define these contexts, it is axiomatic that those offering solutions to the problem become knowledgeable about the complex array of factors that are at play in any given Third World society.

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Traditional and changing views of disability in developing countries: causes, consequences, cautions, p. 71-77