Sports nutrition, Metabolism, Dietary supplement, Female physique enhancement, Weight loss, Fat loss
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
Background: Recent investigations have identified that commercially available dietary supplements, containing a combination of thermogenic ingredients, can increase resting metabolic rate (RMR). Thermogenic dietary supplements can have a positive influence on RMR, but the magnitude can vary based on the active ingredient and/or combination of active ingredients. Additionally, further safety evaluation is needed on multi-ingredient supplements that contain caffeine, due to its potential effect on heart rate (HR) and blood pressure (BP). The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of a commercially available dietary supplement on RMR and hemodynamic variables in healthy females.
Methods: 13 female participants (26.1 ± 11.3 years; 163.4 ± 9.1 cm; 63.7 ± 8.0 kg, and 24 ± 5 BMI) volunteered to participate in this investigation. Participants underwent two testing sessions separated by approximately 7 days. On their first visit, participants arrived to the laboratory after an overnight fast and underwent a baseline RMR, HR, and BP assessment. Next, each participant ingested a thermogenic dietary supplement or placebo and repeated the RMR, HR, and BP assessments at 60, 120, and 180-minutes post-ingestion. Approximately 1-week later, the alternative supplement was ingested and the assessments were repeated in the exact same manner. Data were analyzed via a 2-factor [2x4] within-subjects repeated measures analysis of variance (ANOVA). Post-hoc tests were analyzed via paired samples t-tests.
Results: Repeated measures ANOVA revealed a significant effect for time relative to raw RMR data. Post-hoc analysis revealed that the dietary supplement treatment significantly increased RMR at 60-minutes, 120-minutes, and 180-minutes post ingestion (p < 0.05) as compared to baseline RMR values. No changes in RMR were observed for the placebo treatment (p > 0.05). Heart rate was not significantly affected at any time point with either supplement; however, main effects of treatment and time were observed for both systolic and diastolic blood pressure (p < 0.05).
Conclusions: The thermogenic dietary supplement treatment experienced greater elevations in RMR as compared to baseline. Due to the slight elevations in blood pressure, caution should be taken for those with increased risk for hypertension or pre-hypertension. Taken on a daily basis, thermogenic dietary supplementation may increase overall energy expenditure, potentially leading to reductions in fat mass over time.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition, v. 13, art. 13
© Campbell et al. 2016
Scholar Commons Citation
Campbell, Bill I.; Zito, Gina; Colquhoun, Ryan; Martinez, Nicholas; Kendall, Kristina; Buchanan, Laura; Lehn, Matt; Johnson, Mallory; St. Louis, Courtney; Smith, Yasmin; Cloer, Brad; and Pingel, Allison, "The Effects of a Single-dose Thermogenic Supplement on Resting Metabolic Rate and Hemodynamic Variables in Healthy Females - A Randomized, Double-blind, Placebo-controlled, Cross-over Trial" (2016). Physical Education and Exercise Science Faculty Publications. 2.