Document Type

Technical Report

Publication Date



Public Transit, Market Share, Market Penetration, Propensity for Transit Use, Sub-Markets, Market Size, Transferring, NPTS


This report bas been prepared as an information base for people involved in planning, operating, marketing, and decision-making for public transit in America. It characterizes public transit as it is today from a number of perspectives that are believed to be useful to their professional activities.

The scale of analysis is limited to the 1995 NPTS, which includes a number of enhancements to the survey content and method and the resulting data base over previous surveys. The most notable enhancements include the addition of questions on public attitudes about transportation, the change from recollection to travel. diary for trip recording, and the addition of characteristics for both residential and employment sites. The scale of analysis is also limited to describing various aspects of transit markets, rather than explaining the causality of various relationships observed.

The scope of analysis is limited to eight perspectives of characterizing public transit, including:

  1. Public attitudes about public transit;
  2. Perceived availability and proximity of public transit;
  3. Extent of transferring;
  4. Perceived characteristics of public transit trips (distance, travel time, speed, and waiting time);
  5. Public transit's market shares;
  6. Public transit's sub-markets;
  7. Propensity for transit use by people who perceive public transit to be available to them; and
  8. Public transit's marl

Statistics provided on these perspectives complement those from other sources on transit at the national level, such as the decennial censuses from the U.S. Bureau of the Census, the American Housing Survey from the Department of Housing and Urban Development, or the National Transit Data Base from the Federal Transit Administration.

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Public Transit in America: Findings from the 1995 Nationwide Personal Transportation Survey, Center for Urban Transportation Research, University of South Florida, 171 p.