Driver Injury Severity Outcome Analysis in Rural Interstate Highway Crashes: a Two-Level Bayesian Logistic Regression Interpretation
bayesian inference, driver injury severity, hierarchical model, rural interstate highway, traffic crash
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
There is a high potential of severe injury outcomes in traffic crashes on rural interstate highways due to the significant amount of high speed traffic on these corridors. Hierarchical Bayesian models are capable of incorporating between-crash variance and within-crash correlations into traffic crash data analysis and are increasingly utilized in traffic crash severity analysis. This paper applies a hierarchical Bayesian logistic model to examine the significant factors at crash and vehicle/driver levels and their heterogeneous impacts on driver injury severity in rural interstate highway crashes. Analysis results indicate that the majority of the total variance is induced by the between-crash variance, showing the appropriateness of the utilized hierarchical modeling approach. Three crash-level variables and six vehicle/driver-level variables are found significant in predicting driver injury severities: road curve, maximum vehicle damage in a crash, number of vehicles in a crash, wet road surface, vehicle type, driver age, driver gender, driver seatbelt use and driver alcohol or drug involvement. Among these variables, road curve, functional and disabled vehicle damage in crash, single-vehicle crashes, female drivers, senior drivers, motorcycles and driver alcohol or drug involvement tend to increase the odds of drivers being incapably injured or killed in rural interstate crashes, while wet road surface, male drivers and driver seatbelt use are more likely to decrease the probability of severe driver injuries. The developed methodology and estimation results provide insightful understanding of the internal mechanism of rural interstate crashes and beneficial references for developing effective countermeasures for rural interstate crash prevention.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
Accident Analysis and Prevention, v. 97, p. 69-78
Scholar Commons Citation
Chen, Cong; Zhang, Guohui; Cathy Liu, Xiaoyue; Ci, Yusheng; Huang, Helai; Ma, Jianming; Chen, Yanyan; and Guan, Hongzhi, "Driver Injury Severity Outcome Analysis in Rural Interstate Highway Crashes: a Two-Level Bayesian Logistic Regression Interpretation" (2016). CUTR Faculty Journal Publications. 74.