Title

Large Truck–Involved Crashes: Exploratory Injury Severity Analysis

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-2013

Keywords

freight movement, large trucks, ordered probit, random parameter, safety, injury severity

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000539

Abstract

In recent years, a growing concern related to large truck accidents has increased owing to the level of injury severity that can be sustained and to the related potential economic impact. Current studies related to large truck–involved crashes are scarce and do not address the human factors that can greatly influence accident outcomes. This study presents an analysis of data from the fusion of several national data sets addressing injury severity related to large truck–involved crashes. This is accomplished by considering human, road environment, and vehicular factors in large truck–involved crashes on U.S. interstates. A random-parameter ordered-probit model was estimated to predict the likelihood of five injury severity outcomes—fatality, incapacitating, nonincapacitating, possible injury, and no injury. The modeling approach accounts for possible unobserved effects relating to human, vehicular, and road environment factors not present in the data. Estimation findings indicate that the level of injury severity is highly influenced by a number of complex interactions between factors, and the effects of some factors can vary across observations.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Transportation Engineering, v. 139, issue 6, p. 596-604

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