Title

Assessing the Relationship Between Physical Health and Inmate Misconduct

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-2021

Keywords

inmate misconduct, physical health, general strain theory, correctional health care, health strain

Abstract

Research reveals inmate misconduct results from various factors including age, gang membership, program participation, and mental illness. However, no research has examined the influence of physical illness on misconduct. Per general strain theory, we argue that poor physical health is a significant strain that may negatively affect behavior. Using data from the Bureau of Justice Statistics’ 2004 Survey of Inmates in State Correctional Facilities (SISCF), we investigate how acute illnesses, chronic conditions, and physical disabilities influence misconduct. Results suggest acute conditions increase the likelihood of general, serious, and nonserious misconduct in prison. Conversely, chronic ailments decrease the likelihood of all types of misconduct. We find moderate effects for physical disability. Experiencing acute health conditions while incarcerated significantly increases the likelihood of misconduct, suggesting that by appropriately addressing inmates’ acute ailments, it may be possible to concurrently improve inmate health and decrease misconduct to enhance the lives of those in prison.

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1177/0093854818775467

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Criminal Justice and Behavior, v. 45, issue 10, p. 1527-1546

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

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