Cyber bullying, Self-Control, Differential Association, Criminological Theory
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
A sample of 318 students from two Iranian universities was employed to conduct a test of Gottfredson and Hirschi’s self-control theory and elements of Akers’ social learning theory. Specifically, we sought to determine whether these theories are capable of explaining the decision to cyber bully members and fans of rival sports teams. Structural equation modeling was used to analyze these data. Findings suggest that individuals with low levels of self-control are more likely to engage in cyber bullying perpetration. Similarly, those who associate with delinquent peers are more likely to engage in cyber bullying perpetration. Additionally, we found that ineffective parenting has an indirect effect on cyber bullying perpetration through its direct effect on self-control and differential association. Lastly, we found that self-control and differential association interact to more fully explain cyber bullying perpetration. Theoretical implications are discussed.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
International Journal of Cyber Criminology, v. 12, issue 2, p. 362-375
Scholar Commons Citation
Shadmanfaat, Seyyed Masoomeh S.; Howell, Christian Jordan-Michael; Muniz, Caitlyn N.; Cochran, John K.; Kabiri, Saeed; and Richardson, Dustin A., "The Predictive Ability of Self-Control and Differential Association on Sports Fans’ Decision to Engage in Cyber Bullying Perpetration against Rivals" (2018). Criminology Faculty Publications. 8.