F24J 1/00, A47J 36/28, A61F 7/03, C09K 5/18, F25D 5/00, A01N 25/34, A01N 25/18, A01N 25/10
Self-heating apparatus and methodology for customizing a time-temperature profile thereof. The layered apparatus includes at least a layer of phase change material and a layer of air- or oxygen-activated material. When the air- or oxygen-activated material is activated, heat is released rapidly and is absorbed by the phase change material. The phase change material then releases the absorbed heat over a long period of time. Time-temperature profiles can be adjusted based on type, amount, and configuration of phase change and air-activated materials used. The apparatus and methodology allows rapid heat-up of times of a few minutes and lasts several hours at near constant tunable temperatures.
Sunol, Aydin K.; Sunol, Sermin G.; Bannister, Emilee Chassanne; Alvarez Moreno, Pamela; and Cogswell, Kyle Louis, "Self-heating apparatus and method of customizing a time-temperature profile thereof" (2018). USF Patents. 956.
University of South Florida