The present invention provides a method and apparatus for the detection of an infectious disease or disorder in a fluid, such as a mammalian blood sample, the detection of a specific protein in a urine sample, or the detection of a particle in a plasma. The identification of the particles of interest is enable by taking a transmission spectrum of a test sample in at least a portion of the ultraviolet, visible, near-infrared portion of the spectrum and comparing the spectrum with a standard sample spectrum. From the comparison it is then determined whether the fluid from the test sample contains an particle of interest, and an identity of the particle of interest is determined. Spectroscopic and multiwavelength turbidimetry techniques provide a rapid, inexpensive, and convenient means for diagnosis. The comparison and determination steps may be performed visually or by spectral deconvolution.
Garcia-Rubio, Luis H.; Alupoaei, Catalina E.; Harris, Willard; Peguero, Alfredo; Cutolo, Edward P.; and Leparc, German Felix, "Spectrophotometric system and method for the identification and characterization of a particle in a bodily fluid" (2006). USF Patents. 653.
University of South Florida