Provided herein, is a means for development of ferrochelatase variants with improved tolerance towards N-methyl protoporphyrin. Also disclosed are cell assay systems utilizing the variants, as the variants would confer resistance to N-methyl protoporphyrin inhibition and thereby keep heme synthesis uninterrupted. The variants contain loop mutations that affect the NMPP-ferrochelatase interaction, and different degrees of NMPP tolerance are obtained with the introduction of loop mutations in wild-type ferrochelatase. Also disclosed is kinetic mechanism of inhibition of ferrochelatase by NMPP, using the disclosed variants whose mutations in the “porphyrin-interacting loop” motif weakened the potency of NMPP as an inhibitor.
Ferreira, Gloria C. and Shi, Zhen, "Cell modeling of heme deficiency using ferrochelatase mutations" (2014). USF Patents. 124.
University of South Florida