Presentation Type

Poster

Title of Abstract

Intimate Partner Violence and Alcohol Abuse in the Indigenous Populations of Panama

Abstract

Indigenous communities in the Chiriqui province of Panama, Central America, the Ngöbe and Buglé tribes, identified a growing problem with alcohol abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV), and invited the College of Nursing at the University of South Florida to conduct research to determine the extent of the problem. A descriptive correlational study adapting an interview-style survey from the 2005 World Health Organization’s “Multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women: Summary report of initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s responses” was conducted to provide baseline research that identifies the extent of IPV, its qualities and risk factors. Although data is currently in the process of analysis, preliminary results illustrate a correlation between alcohol and intimate partner violence in each population, along with strong correlations between alcohol abuse, IPV, education level, number of pregnancies, and number of living children. A strong cry for help was heard from the interviewed women themselves and identified in the preliminary results. No clear resources were identified by the women; family seems the current strongest support system. Our work to increase the awareness of this issue will impact future prevalence and development of community-based interventions for such a unique population.

Keywords: abuse, alcohol, domestic violence, indigenous populations, intimate partner violence, Panama, risk factors for violence

Categories

Behavioral Sciences

Research Type

Thesis

Mentor Information

Dr. Sandra Cadena

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Intimate Partner Violence and Alcohol Abuse in the Indigenous Populations of Panama

Indigenous communities in the Chiriqui province of Panama, Central America, the Ngöbe and Buglé tribes, identified a growing problem with alcohol abuse and intimate partner violence (IPV), and invited the College of Nursing at the University of South Florida to conduct research to determine the extent of the problem. A descriptive correlational study adapting an interview-style survey from the 2005 World Health Organization’s “Multi-country study on women’s health and domestic violence against women: Summary report of initial results on prevalence, health outcomes and women’s responses” was conducted to provide baseline research that identifies the extent of IPV, its qualities and risk factors. Although data is currently in the process of analysis, preliminary results illustrate a correlation between alcohol and intimate partner violence in each population, along with strong correlations between alcohol abuse, IPV, education level, number of pregnancies, and number of living children. A strong cry for help was heard from the interviewed women themselves and identified in the preliminary results. No clear resources were identified by the women; family seems the current strongest support system. Our work to increase the awareness of this issue will impact future prevalence and development of community-based interventions for such a unique population.

Keywords: abuse, alcohol, domestic violence, indigenous populations, intimate partner violence, Panama, risk factors for violence