Presentation Type

Poster

Title of Abstract

When Environmental Contexts Do Not Match: A Strategy of Preinstatement for Improve Recall

Abstract

Negative effects of a change in environmental context effects are common memory research (Smith & Vela, 2001). However, they may be overcome if the context in which the event occurred can be mentally reinstated, and the authors propose that one may at the time an event occurs “preinstate” the context in which one anticipates that one may need to remember the event. In this experiment, one group of participants imagined the test environment while studying a list of words, and another group did not. Memory was tested either in the same or a different environment in which study occurred. Free recalled was compared between the same and different context conditions. The results suggest that a strategy of preinstatement offers a pragmatic alternative for scholastic study, and may be a generalizable strategy for other applications, such as in the treatment of phobias and other behavioral modification treatments.

Categories

Social Sciences

Research Type

Thesis

Mentor Information

Melissa Lehman, M.A. mslehman@gmail.com

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When Environmental Contexts Do Not Match: A Strategy of Preinstatement for Improve Recall

Negative effects of a change in environmental context effects are common memory research (Smith & Vela, 2001). However, they may be overcome if the context in which the event occurred can be mentally reinstated, and the authors propose that one may at the time an event occurs “preinstate” the context in which one anticipates that one may need to remember the event. In this experiment, one group of participants imagined the test environment while studying a list of words, and another group did not. Memory was tested either in the same or a different environment in which study occurred. Free recalled was compared between the same and different context conditions. The results suggest that a strategy of preinstatement offers a pragmatic alternative for scholastic study, and may be a generalizable strategy for other applications, such as in the treatment of phobias and other behavioral modification treatments.