Title

Physicians’ Perspectives of Managing Tensions Around Dimensions of Effective Communication in the Emergency Department

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

January 2014

Keywords

Adult, Communication, Comprehension, Efficiency, Organizational, Emergency Service, Hospital, Female, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Interviews as Topic, Male, Physician-Patient Relations, Physicians/*psychology

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/ 10.1080/10410236.2012.743869

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to explore emergency department (ED) physicians' perspectives of guidelines for effective communication. More specifically, the ways in which physicians manage the tensions among effective communication dimensions framed by relational dialectics theory are examined. This study used in-depth interviews with 17 ED physicians and 70 hours of observations to identify five dimensions of effective communication: efficiency, clarity/accuracy, relevance, comprehension, and rapport. Two communication tensions resulted from these dimensions: efficiency versus rapport and efficiency versus comprehension. In almost all instances, physicians chose efficient communication at the expense of comprehension or rapport. In addition, there was a tension between patient and physician perspectives of clarity and relevance that physicians tended to resolve by emphasizing what was relevant and clear from their own perspective. Implications for managing tensions in terms of efficiency and a physician-centered approach are discussed.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

false

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Health Communication, v. 29, no. 3, p. 257-266.