Title

A Comparative Study of Perceived Job Stressor Sources and Job Strain in American and Iranian Managers Authors

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-14-2002

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1464-0597.00102

Abstract

Des échantillons de chefs d’entreprise aux USA et en Iran ont été comparés quant aux pressions au travail (contrainte, orientation du rôle du responsable/tâche, travail/maison et le support à ne pas travailler), cinq agents tenseurs (la dissatisfaction au travail, la tension mentale, la tension physique, l’intention de quitter le travail et l’absentéisme) et le sentiment de contrôle (LOC) au travail. Comme attendu, les chefs d’entreprise iraniens étaient davantage externes et davantage sous pression sur les cinq types d’agents stressants. Les américains ont montré de plus fortes corrélations entre les agents stressants. Les relations entre pression et tension au travail étaient similaires dans chacun des échantillons et dans les deux échantillons le LOC interne était associéà un niveau de stress plus bas. Bien que la statut marital n’ait pas été associé au stress au travail et aux agents stressant chez les américains, de fortes relations existent chez les iraniens.

Samples of Iranian and US managers were compared on four sources of job pressure (constraints, managerial role/tasks, home/work, and nonwork support), five strains (job dissatisfaction, mental strain, physical strain, intention of quitting the job, and absence), and work locus of control. As expected Iranian managers were more external and were higher on pressure and on all five job strains. Americans showed higher intercorrelations among strains except for absence, whereas Iranians had higher correlations among sources of pressure. Relations between pressure and job strains were similar across both samples, and in both samples internal locus of control was associated with lower strain. Although marital status was not associated with job stressors and strains among Americans, it showed strong relations among Iranians.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Applied Psychology, v. 51, issue 3, p. 446-457.