Title

Gender Comparisons of Unhealthy Weight-control Behaviors Among Sixth-Graders

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

10-2013

Keywords

body mass index, disordered eating behaviors, body image, self-esteem, parental influence

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jneb.2012.09.002

Abstract

Objective

To examine gender differences in unhealthy weight-control behaviors (UWCB) and identify key psychosocial and demographic correlates of UWCB among sixth-graders.

Methods

A cross-sectional survey was completed by 146 boys and 153 girls at a middle school. Secondary data analyses included bivariate tests and multivariable logistic regression.

Results

Forty-seven percent of participants reported 1 or more UWCB, with no differences by gender (P = .75). Factors common to boys and girls included: lower global self-esteem; lower body-esteem; and greater negative parental modeling among participants who engaged in UWCB compared to those who did not. However, multivariable models revealed gender differences. Among boys, body mass index, negative parental modeling, and global self-esteem retained statistically significant associations with UWCB after controlling for other variables in the model, whereas race and weight-related body-esteem remained significant for girls.

Conclusions and Implications

This research highlights the need for gender-specific UWCB prevention programs implemented in late childhood and early adolescence.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, v. 45, issue 5, p. 450-454

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