Title

Distress Tolerance Moderates the Relationship between Negative Affect Intensity with Borderline Personality Disorder Levels

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

11-1-2011

Keywords

Affect, Borderline Personality Disorder, Female, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Middle Aged, Personality Inventory, Psychiatric Status Rating Scales, Psychological Tests, Severity of Illness Index, Stress, Psychological, Substance-Related Disorders

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.comppsych.2010.11.005

Abstract

A number of studies have suggested that negative emotionality and negative affect intensity play key roles in the development and maintenance of borderline personality disorder (BPD). However, more recent research indicates that one's response to affective discomfort may be an even more important variable in the pathogenesis of BPD than either negative emotionality or negative affect intensity per se. As such, the current study aimed to empirically test the moderating role of 2 well-validated laboratory measures of the ability to tolerate psychological distress (distress tolerance) in the relationship of negative emotionality and negative affect intensity with BPD levels. Results provide laboratory-based evidence for a moderating effect of distress tolerance on the relationship of negative emotionality and negative affect intensity with levels of BPD. Specifically, the 2 former variables were related to levels of BPD among those with low distress tolerance. The current results add support to existing developmental frameworks of BPD and suggest the importance of modifying one's response to affective distress along with levels of negative emotionality in treatment settings.

Comments

Comprehensive Psychiatry, V. 52, Issue 6, P. 744-753.

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