education, management, systemic reform, policy
An educational system is a highly coupled complex system of inputs, outputs, sensors and actuators. Using an engineering perspective, this column begins the process of naming and categorizing parts of the system. It then focuses on teachers as one part of a large system, and analyzes the forces that influence how teachers work, and that draw or repel individuals to a teaching career. The growing shortage of qualified teachers can be explained by properties of the system as a whole that determine the context in which teachers do their job.
Wallace, Dorothy. "Parts of the Whole: Approaching Education as a System." Numeracy 2, Iss. 2 (2009): Article 9. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5038/1936-4622.214.171.124
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