Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-18-2002

Keywords

Gymnodinium breve, Karenia brevis, lytic agent, viruses

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame027021

Abstract

A filterable lytic agent (FLA) was obtained from seawater in the southeastern Gulf of Mexico during a red tide bloom that caused lysis of Karenia brevis (formerly Gymnodinium breve) Piney Island. This agent was obtained from < 0.2 mum filtrates that were concentrated by ultrafiltration using a 100 kDa filter. The FLA was propagated by passage on K. brevis cultures, and the filtered supernatants of such cultures resulted in K. brevis lysis when added to such cultures, The lytic activity was lost upon heating to 65degreesC or by 0.02 mum filtration. Epifluorescence and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of supernatants of K, brevis cultures treated with the lytic agent indicated a high abundance of viral particles (4 x 10(9) to 7 x 10(9) virus-like particles [VLPs] ml(-1)) compared to control cultures (similar to10(7) ml(-1)). However, viral particles were seldom found in TEM photomicrograph thin sections of lysing K. brevis cells. Although a virus specific for K. brevis may have been the FLA, other explanations such as filterable bacteria or bacteriophages specific for bacteria associated with the K, brevis cultures cannot be discounted.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Aquatic Microbial Ecology, v. 27, no. 1, p. 21-27.

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