Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-24-2004

Keywords

lysogeny, prophage induction, lytic phage production

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

dx.doi.org/10.3354/ame036009

Abstract

The effect of nutrient addition on prophage induction in marine water samples was investigated during a 2001 research cruise in the Gulf of Mexico. To test the hypothesis that prophage induction could be stimulated by nutrient addition, water samples were treated with inorganic and organic nutrients in combination with mitomycin C (1.0 mug ml(-1)) or with the nutrient alone as controls. An increase in phage abundance was observed at 3 stations in response to additions of Po-4(3-) (mesotrophic Mississippi River plume, oligotrophic surface-water, and Dry Tortugas stations), NH4+ (oligotrophic surface-water station), and several organic compounds (oligotrophic surface-water station). Augmented phage production occurred in both the presence and absence of mitomycin C, indicating that inorganic and organic nutrient addition did not appear to stimulate prophage induction. These results suggest that nutrient amendment of environmental samples caused a stimulation of lytic phage production that may have resulted from a stimulation of host-cell growth. However, these results do not preclude nutrient stimulation of prophage induction at other times of the year or in other oceanic environments, which were not examined in this study.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Aquatic Microbial Ecology, v. 36, no. 1, p. 9-17.

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