Title

Effectiveness of Screening Instruments in Detecting Substance use Disorders among Prisoners

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2000

Keywords

Drug abuse, Alcohol abuse, Screening, Inmates, Drug abuse treatment

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1016/S0740-5472(99)00081-1

Abstract

This study examined the effectiveness of several screening instruments in detecting substance use disorders among prison inmates. A sample of 400 male inmates were administered eight different substance abuse screening instruments and the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-IV), Version 2.0, Substance Abuse Disorders module. The latter was used as a diagnostic criterion measure to determine the presence of substance use disorders. Based on positive predictive value, sensitivity, and overall accuracy, the Texas Christian University Drug Screen, the Simple Screening Instrument, and a combined instrument—Alcohol Dependence Scale/Addiction Severity Index-Drug Use section were found to be the most effective in identifying substance abuse and dependence disorders.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment, v. 18, issue 4, p. 349-358

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