Document Type

Article

Publication Date

6-1-2002

Keywords

Child mental health, Child mental health services, TANF, Welfare reform, Adolescent girls, Teenage girls, Teenagers, Girls, Temporary Assistance to Needy Families, Resiliency, CFS, FMHI pubs, Transitional services, Resiliency, At-risk factors

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine what factors differentiate adolescent girls whose mothers are enrolled in TANF who are faring well and whose lives are seemingly on a positive trajectory from those girls facing more serious challenges. Additionally, the study attempted to determine what supports would be helpful to the teenage girls facing challenges, to assist them in making a successful and productive transition into adulthood. Background--Methodology--Subjects --Conceptual Model and Study Questions--Instruments and Data Sources--Study Design--Procedures--Analysis--Results: Phase 1--Participant Characteristics--Risk and Protective Factors. Current status--Health-related--Academic Performance--Teenage Behaviors--Quality of Life--Future Aspirations--Prediction of Future Aspirations--Results: Phase 2--Risk and Protective Factors--Perception of Self--Relationships--Role Models--Home Environment--Community Environment--School Environment--Recreational Activities--Current Status--Religiosity--Alcohol--Drug Use--Sexual Activity--Volunteer Activity--School Performance--Future Aspirations--Vignettes. Crystal--Rebecca--Discussion--References

Comments

The growing body of research examining the impact of welfare reform on adolescents raises some cause for concern. Many investigators have hypothesized that the negative effect of welfare initiatives on adolescents may be related to either the erosion in parenting quality and monitoring of children’s behavior or the increased responsibilities placed on these adolescents, with particularly negative effects for girls. This study attempted to determine what factors differentiate adolescent girls whose mothers are enrolled in TANF who are faring well and whose lives are seemingly on a positive trajectory from those girls facing more serious challenges. Additionally, the study attempted to determine what supports would be helpful to the teenage girls facing challenges, to assist them in making a successful and productive transition into adulthood.

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