Criminal Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders: Testing the Incremental and Predictive Validity of Three Measures of Psychopathic Features
Youth psychopathy, Juvenile justice, Risk assessment, Prediction of recidivism, PCL, YV, CPS, APSD
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)
We studied the predictive, comparative, and incremental validity of three measures of psychopathic features (Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version [PCL:YV]; Antisocial Process Screening Device [APSD]; Childhood Psychopathy Scale [CPS]) vis-à-vis criminal recidivism among 83 delinquent youth within a truly prospective design. Bivariate and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazard analyses) showed that of the three measures, the CPS was most consistently related to most types of recidivism in comparison to the other measures. However, incremental validity analyses demonstrated that all of the predictive effects for the measures of psychopathic features disappeared after conceptually relevant covariates (i.e., substance use, conduct disorder, young age, past property crime) were included in multivariate predictive models. Implications for the limits of these measures in applied juvenile justice assessment are discussed.
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Citation / Publisher Attribution
“Law and Human Behavior”, v. 32, issue 5, p. 423-438
Scholar Commons Citation
Douglas, Kevin S.; Epstein, Monica E.; and Poythress, Norman G., "Criminal Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders: Testing the Incremental and Predictive Validity of Three Measures of Psychopathic Features" (2008). Mental Health Law & Policy Faculty Publications. 128.