Title

Criminal Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders: Testing the Incremental and Predictive Validity of Three Measures of Psychopathic Features

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2008

Keywords

Youth psychopathy, Juvenile justice, Risk assessment, Prediction of recidivism, PCL, YV, CPS, APSD

Digital Object Identifier (DOI)

https://doi.org/10.1007%2Fs10979-007-9114-8

Abstract

We studied the predictive, comparative, and incremental validity of three measures of psychopathic features (Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version [PCL:YV]; Antisocial Process Screening Device [APSD]; Childhood Psychopathy Scale [CPS]) vis-à-vis criminal recidivism among 83 delinquent youth within a truly prospective design. Bivariate and multivariate analyses (Cox proportional hazard analyses) showed that of the three measures, the CPS was most consistently related to most types of recidivism in comparison to the other measures. However, incremental validity analyses demonstrated that all of the predictive effects for the measures of psychopathic features disappeared after conceptually relevant covariates (i.e., substance use, conduct disorder, young age, past property crime) were included in multivariate predictive models. Implications for the limits of these measures in applied juvenile justice assessment are discussed.

Was this content written or created while at USF?

Yes

Citation / Publisher Attribution

Law and Human Behavior”, v. 32, issue 5, p. 423-438

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