Author Biography

Dr. Colette Mazzucelli is Professor (Part-Time) at NYU New York, LIU Global, and Pioneer Academics. Her biography is listed in Marquis Who's Who in the World 2016.

Dr. Anna Visvizi is Assistant Professor at Deree-The American College of Greece, and Head of Research at the Institute of East-Central Europe (IESW), Poland.

Dr. Ronald Bee is a Lecturer in American foreign relations, international security and conflict resolution at San Diego State University (SDSU) and directs the Hansen Summer Institute on Leadership and International Cooperation at the University of San Diego School of Leadership and Education Sciences.



Subject Area Keywords

Europe and EU, Political violence, Terrorism / counterterrorism


This article makes a case for bringing religion back into the analysis and by suggesting that migration should be reconceptualised, with a significant part of that reconceptualization consistent with restoring agency to a migrant, the value added of this article is threefold. At the diagnostic level, the argument developed offers an insight into the reasons underlying the inability of the EU to address the challenge of migration effectively. At the explanatory level, this article makes a case that national leaders in the European Council are unable to establish a new integrative narrative of European integration. Migration serves as a handy opportunity to offer European audiences a vision of the Union, a largely inaccurate image of reality that feeds into the imaginations and expectations of large segments of the electorate. At the conceptual level, the argument developed makes a case for the reconceptualization of migration as transcending those binary oppositions characteristic of borders and the controls that delineate borders: the present-day EU has been transformed into a migration hub on a continental scale, thereby aggravating the density problem of too many diverse peoples in too limited a connected space. In order to understand migration, this article posits that it is necessary to restore the migrant question, including, most significantly, the agency of the migrant to the analysis.


The authors express their appreciation to the Faculty Resource Network (FRN) for the opportunity given to Professor Anna Visvizi to conduct this research at NYU New York as well as to Belen Presas Mata, Bongha Lee, Ossama Ayesh, Melissa Salyk-Virk, and Negin Njn for their editorial comments and research assistance.