Author Biography

Max Manley graduated from the US Air Force Academy in 2013 with military honors and a Bachelor of Science degree in Legal Studies. Upon graduation, he was selected to attend the Air Force’s intelligence officer school at Goodfellow AFB, TX. Manley is preparing to start his capstone course for his Master’s program in National Security Studies at American Military University.



Subject Area Keywords

Cybersecurity, Intelligence studies/education, National security, Science and technology & security


As of 2015, cyber threats have become more prevalent due to high-profile cases like the Target, JPMorgan Chase & Co., Home Depot, and Sony Entertainment breaches. In order to prevent what former Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta characterized as a “Cyber Pearl Harbor,” the US government has to engage the private sector in order to build a solid public-private partnership (PPP) for cybersecurity. For there to be a successful cybersecurity PPP between the US government and the private sector, there must be a PPP founded on a model composed of four essential elements: a high level of trust between the public and private entities that corresponds to a mutual belief in the positive gains of both partners; clear baseline guidance imposed from legislation, which should be reinforced with government training and financial incentives; a bottom-up structural approach for efficient operations that allows for more autonomy at lower levels on local needs and resources; and, gaining influential community involvement in the formation of PPPs from all levels of the participating organizations, as well as civil leadership and the general public.