Author Biography

Nadiya Kostyuk is a Program Coordinator for the Worldwide Cybersecurity Initiative at the EastWest Institute.Prior to joining the institute, Nadiya interned at the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), the International Coalition for the Responsibility to Protect (ICRtoP) and the Neighborhood Defender Service of Harlem. She spent the past two years conducting interviews with government officials, academics and journalists, researching policy gaps in the current European cybersecurity paradigm. In-country experience in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Estonia, Ukraine, Russia, Serbia, Sweden, Switzerland and the Czech Republic provided her with a better understanding of each country’s unique political climate. This summer, Nadiya participated in the NATO Summer School, where she joined in interactive workshops and simulations with international security experts, discussing best cybersecurity practices. Nadiya holds a master’s degree in Global Affairs, with a concentration in Transnational Security (Cybersecurity) from New York University. In addition to her native Ukrainian, Nadiya is fluent in Russian and proficient in German.



Subject Area Keywords

Asymmetric warfare, Cybersecurity, International relations, International security, Irregular warfare, Russia, Security policy, Security studies


While many countries and companies have fallen victim to cyber attacks over the past few years, including American companies such as Apple, Microsoft, and Facebook, Czech websites remained relatively safe until March 2013, when they were interrupted by a series of cyber attacks. Even though the origin of the attacks remains debatable, this case study demonstrates the importance of cooperation between nations in the nascent phase of the internet development and their more powerful allies. Domestic challenges that nations face in addressing cybersecurity in an effective and comprehensive manner include ambiguous legislation, recalcitrant officials, and a lack of both fiscal and human capital. To address these challenges, nations should cooperate with their more capable allies, such as the EU and NATO, create better cyber protective measures, train and hire qualified specialists in the public sector, and intensify private-public partnership. Until an international agenda on cyberspace is set, these nations with limited resources should cooperate with developed nations lest they risk more severe attacks in the future.