Bus Rapid Transit systems have grown in popularity in recent years. With the rapid development of computer technologies, using microscopic simulation models to study various strategies on planning, implementation and operation of BRT systems has become a hot research area in the field of public transportation. To make the simulation models accurately replicate field traffic conditions, model calibration is crucial. This paper presents an approach for calibrating the microscopic traffic simulation model VISSIM using GPS data for application to Beijing BRT systems. The Sum of Squared Error (SSE) of the collected versus simulated vehicle speeds at the cross-sections along the test route is specified as the evaluation index. A Genetic Algorithm is adopted as the optimization tool to minimize the SSE. Taking the Beijing North-South Central Axis BRT Corridor as a case study, it shows that the proposed approach is a practical and effective method for the model calibration.
Yu, Liu, et al.
Calibration of Vissim for Bus Rapid Transit Systems in Beijing Using GPS Data.
Journal of Public Transportation, 9 (3): 239-257.
Available at: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/jpt/vol9/iss3/13