This paper analyzes the level of market integration of a relatively isolated Kayapó community. The goal is to understand how the commercial networks devoted to non-timber forest products are affecting one community by including cash-income into the economic life of communities previously dominated by non-monetary transactions but currently dominated by a mix of monetary and non-monetary practices. Non-timber forest product projects are a much lauded and much criticized form of sustainable forestry management. This case study analyses different non-timber forest product projects in Aukre, a village that is part of the Kayapó Indigenous Territories, Brazil. Th is article identifi es ten criteria that the villagers use to evaluate cash-income opportunities and, considering these criteria, why community members consider non-timber forest product projects desirable. Desirable projects should provide maximum participation, off er alternative markets to intense extractive networks, and build longterm partnerships based on a common interest in maintaining the territorial integrity of the Kayapó’s homeland. Th e evaluation of non-timber forest product projects is accompanied by an analysis of other types of cash income in the community, and a comparison of past and present economic opportunities to future possibilities. Th e results indicate the community of Aukre still values non-timber development projects within their community, despite a varied experience with timber and non-timber markets. However, their participation within these markets is based on several criteria, which community members perceive to be integral to project success.
Zanotti, Laura C.. "Economic Diversification and Sustainable Development: The Role Non-timber Forest Products Play in the Monetization of Kayapó Livelihoods ." Journal of Ecological Anthropology 13, no. 1 (2009): 26-41.
Available at: http://scholarcommons.usf.edu/jea/vol13/iss1/2